Polish history - fighting for freedom

Polish history report

Last month we celebrated 30th anniversary of students’ strikes in the 80. twentieth century.
In 1980 authorities increased prices of the most necessary products in shops. That caused people’s discontent and strikes outbreaks. The most popular strikes are these in Gdansk, Szczecin and Jastrzebiec.
Strikers formed main strike committee. It has taken command and issue 21 postulates. The most important of them were: right to the freedom of speech, right to independent organizing ourselves in free trade unions, right to free Saturdays. They wanted authorities to conduct economic changes too.
In 1980 formed nationwide trade union “Solidarnosc” (“Solidarity”) to defend worker’s right. Persons belonging to this compound were opposed and protested against the communist government. According to research in1981, “Solidarnosc” had strong support (62% of population was supporting that nationwide ) and rulers could lose power. They still wanted to rule in the country so they had to stop the opposition. They introduced martial law and interned “Solidarity” members. The martial law was introduced on 13th December 1981 to 22nd July 1983.Being a member of Solidarity was illegal. People who were taking part in strikes were firing from work.
31st August 1980 authorities and strikers concluded an agreement and those postulates were to be realized. But they were not. Authorities even didn’t want to realize postulates. Already in November they were planning, working out and preparing the martial law.
In 1982 died Brezniew - communist Russia party secretary. His two successors died quickly too. In 1985 on that post took Michail Gorbaczow. He adopted another policy. He wanted to better relations between Russia and west Europe. Another socialistic countries did the same.
Although reforms introduction economic situation wasn’t better.
In 1988 in Poland there were strikes again. Authorities realized that they will not remain in power and they decided to start conversation with opposition. These conversations took the place around the round table and they are calling Polish Round Table Agreement. They lasted from 6th February to 5th April. They caused again Solidarity legalization and limited part of free elections. Solidarity members could be the 35 % of people in parliament. The rest of them were members of communist party. Completely free was senate election. As many as 99% took up Solidarity members.
As a result of election on 24th August 1989 came into being firs from the second war times not communist. The chairman was Tomasz Mazowiecki.
Representatives of democratic activities in another countries followed by Solidarity. At the end of the summer Hungarian had their own Round Table and their parliament passed a law about carry out free election. They took the place in May 1990and finished communist rule. Germany opened borders and lot of people could run away from NRD to the west. Communist regime in NRD started negotiation with RFN and on 9th November 1989 the Berlin Wall was destroyed by inhabitants. On 17th November started protests which started the Velvet Revolution or the Gentle Revolution in Czechoslovakia. On 29th December Václav Havel – opposition leader was chosen for a president of Czechoslovakia. The changes in these countries were realized based on ideals of a peaceful fight for freedom which were widespread thanks to Solidarity success.
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